NCERT Solutions for class 11 chapter 2 Political Science Freedom

Premium NCERT Solutions for class 11 chapter 2 Political Science Freedom
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Are you puzzled about finding accurate and to-the-point class 11 political theory chapter 2 question answers? At WitKnowLearn, we’ve got you covered! When you're studying political science, terms like freedom and liberty can seem confusing. You're not alone in wondering, what is freedom class 11 or what is liberty class 11? These are big topics that have been debated for centuries. Our easy-to-understand guide will not only give you a detailed explanation but also offer comprehensive solutions to class 11 political science chapter 2 question answers. We delve into critical questions like why do we need constraints and mention two constraints of freedom, offering insights that can be easily grasped by both students and parents.

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Why do we need constraints, you might ask? Constraints are essential in balancing freedom and responsibilities in society. Understanding this balance is vital, and our content aims to make it easy for you to grasp why constraints are necessary. Our platform is designed for both parents and students, making it a family-friendly space for educational exploration. So why waste time searching aimlessly when you can find all the class 11 political theory chapter 2 questions answers in one trusted source? Come explore the world of political science with WitKnowLearn and ensure a strong foundation for your academic journey.

1. What is the difference between the negative and positive conception of liberty?

Ans: Liberty is understood in two different ways-Negative and positive aspects of liberty.

Negative conception of liberty:

1. It implies the absence of restraints and rights to do whatever one likes.

2. This conception may make the powerful person more powerful to keep the weaker ones on their mercy.

Following are the drawbacks of Negative conception of liberty:

1. Liberty is concerned with the area control, not with its source; hence this is not necessary to have democracy to

enjoy freedom.

2. The state should control the liberty of an individual only upto the limit where he interferes in other’s such liberty.

Positive conception of Liberty:

It refers to the society in which adequate facilities are available for each and every section of society to enjoy

desirable rights.

In brief it means the enjoyment of certain important rights such as freedom of life, freedom of thought and

freedom to worship, etc.

This believes that any individual or section should not hinder the progress of others.

People can enjoy all freedom which are permissible by laws.

In ensures the growth of poor, weak and downtrodden people also.

It interprets that liberty lies in the removal of hindrances.

Q2. What is meant by freedom? Is there a relationship between freedom for the individual and freedom for the nation?

Ans: Freedom is a situation that limits the constraints on individuals and allows them to expand their ability and reach

their potential.

Freedom allows the full development of an individual’s creativity, sensibility, capabilities and the autonomy to

make choices.

It permits the individuals to exercise their power of reason and judgement.

Yes, there is a relationship between freedom for the individual and freedom for the nation.

A free nation allows the full development of individual’s talent and ability by making fewer constraints on


An individual is said to be free only if she/ he resides in a free nation.

A nation is said to be free if it has freedom as one of its principles and only if it has provided this to its people. In

this way, individual freedom and national freedom are closely linked together.

Q3. What is the role of the state in upholding freedom of its citizens?

Ans: The state upholds the freedom of its citizens by providing certain rights to them.

The state maintains ‘justifiable constraints’ or reasonable restrictions on people so that they cannot harm others

and their freedom.

It provides positive liberty to its citizens to enable them to expand their ability and talent.

It defines and checks ‘other regarding’ actions of its people in order to maintain social stability.

Q4. What is meant by social constraints? Are constraints of any kind necessary for enjoying freedom?

Ans: Social constraints are the external controls on individual freedom maintained by the society.

The government, as a part of the society, controls individual freedom through laws that embodies the power of

the government and are legitimatised.

Constraints on freedom are also a result of social inequality.

Yes, constraints are essential to enjoy freedom.

Constraints are necessary to develop respect for views and beliefs of others.

It is necessary for the creation of a society.

Absence of constraint would lead to imposition of beliefs and ideas of stronger groups eventually leading to


Constraints are required to control violence and settle disputes.

Q5. What is meant by freedom of expression? What in your view would be a reasonable restriction on this freedom? Give


2: Freedom

Standard: 11th Arts / Humanities Subject: Political Science

Ans: Freedom of expression means the free flow of ideas by word and image. To add to this further:

1. It is a right of non-interference by the state.

2. It is a fundamental value and hence, society must be willing to hear some inconvenience also to protect it from

people whosoever wants to restrict it.

Reasonable restrictions on freedom of expression:

1. At various times the demands have been raised to ban books, plays, films and academic articles, blogs, etc.

2. Freedom has been classified as positive and negative liberty which requires some justifiable constraints only.

3. But those constraints are supported by the people, and moral arguments.

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