Mastering Parts of Speech: A Comprehensive Guide for CBSE Class 6 Students

Mastering Parts of Speech: A Comprehensive Guide for CBSE Class 6 Students
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Are you a CBSE Class 6 student looking to excel in English grammar? Look no further! Welcome to 'Mastering Parts of Speech: A Comprehensive Guide for CBSE Class 6 Students'. In this guide, we will dive deep into the world of parts of speech, demystifying the grammar rules that govern our language. Understanding the parts of speech is crucial for developing strong writing and communication skills.

Whether you're working on an essay, a letter, or even just having a conversation, a solid grasp of the different parts of speech will elevate your language game to new heights. From nouns and pronouns to verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions, this guide covers it all. You'll learn how to identify and use each part of speech correctly, as well as how they work together to form coherent sentences.

To make your learning journey even more enjoyable, we've included interactive exercises and practical examples that will help you apply your knowledge in real-life situations. So, gear up and join us as we embark on this exciting journey of mastering the parts of speech!


A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. For Class 6 students, understanding nouns is crucial as they form the subject of sentences and can also act as objects. There are different types of nouns like common nouns (e.g., 'dog', 'city'), proper nouns (e.g., 'Rohan', 'Paris'), collective nouns (e.g., 'team', 'flock'), and abstract nouns (e.g., 'happiness', 'strength'). Examples in sentences: "The cat (noun) slept on the mat," and "Honesty (noun) is the best policy."

Examples Of Noun

Person: mother, son, Rahul, Sunita

Place: city, village, Satara, Venice

Thing: stamp, bottle, bag, tank

Idea: love, happiness, sorrow, cheer


Pronouns are words used in place of nouns to avoid repetition and make sentences sound smoother. They include personal pronouns (like 'I', 'you', 'he', 'she'), possessive pronouns (like 'mine', 'yours'), reflexive pronouns (like 'myself', 'yourself'), and relative pronouns (like 'who', 'which'). Examples: "She is my friend. She likes to read," where 'she' is a pronoun replacing the name of the person.

Examples of Pronoun

Personal pronouns: I, we, you, he, she, it, they

Pronouns of quantity: nine, many, few

Reflexive: myself, himself, themselves

Relative: who, which, whom, that, whose


Verbs are action words that tell what the subject of the sentence is doing. They can also describe a state of being. Verbs change form to show different tenses. For example, "run" (present), "ran" (past), "running" (continuous). Sentence example: "The dog barks loudly," where 'barks' is the verb.

Examples of verb

Nishita sleeps at 10 pm.

I think this is a good idea.

Virat threw the ball at Gaurav


Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns. They provide more information about a noun, such as its size, shape, color, or kind. Example: "The big, red apple was very juicy." Here, 'big' and 'red' are adjectives describing the apple.

Examples of Adjective

What kind: good food, bad weather

How many: four bottles, less water, fewer places


Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They often end in '-ly' and tell how, when, where, or to what extent something is done. Example: "She sang beautifully," where 'beautifully' is an adverb describing how she sang.

Exampled of Adverb

You will regret it later.

Joe recently moved to Boston.

Sheetal went abroad for her studies


Prepositions are words that show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence. They often indicate time (like 'before', 'after'), place (like 'in', 'on'), and direction (like 'to', 'from'). Example: "The book is on the table," where 'on' is the preposition.

Examples of Preposition

Indicating time: Meet me at 5 pm in the park.

Indicating place: We were all seated around the table.


 Conjunctions are joining words that link parts of a sentence. They include coordinating conjunctions (like 'and', 'but', 'or') and subordinating conjunctions (like 'because', 'if', 'although'). Example: "I like apples but not oranges," where 'but' is the conjunction

Examples of conjunction

I went to the market and bought vegetables.

I was reading a book when the door bell rang.


An interjection is a word used to express strong emotions and is followed by the exclamation (!) mark

Examples of interjection

Ouch! You stepped on my foot. (Pain)

Alas! The thief was killed by the mob. (Sadness)

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