Class 6 History: Buildings Paintings and Books - Complete Notes, MCQs, Mind Maps, and Extra Q&A

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Journey into the mesmerizing realm of Class 6 History Chapter 10: Buildings, Paintings, and Books. This chapter invites you into a fascinating exploration of historical treasures and artistic masterpieces, unfolding a vibrant tableau of human creativity and ingenuity. Ever wondered what building has the most stories etched into its walls? Our comprehensive guide holds the answer, along with an array of Class 6 History buildings, paintings, and books questions and answers to deepen your understanding. Don't stop at the surface, dig deeper with our extra questions, specially curated for the curious mind. We also offer an intuitive set of MCQs to test your knowledge and facilitate active learning. From summary notes to a detailed Class 6 History Buildings, Paintings, and Books PDF, we've got all your study needs covered. Whether you're filling in the blanks or diving into comprehensive answers, the journey through Class 6 History Chapter 10 will leave you enriched with knowledge and brimming with ideas. Immerse yourself in this captivating world of history and art, where every building, painting, and book tells a tale. Remember, every page turned is a step towards your academic success!

Monuments of Ancient India

Ancient India has left behind a rich architectural heritage in the form of various monuments that stand as a testament to the country's vibrant history and cultural diversity. These monuments span from the time of the Indus Valley Civilization to the later empires and kingdoms, each carrying its unique architectural style and cultural significance.

  1. Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa: Dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization, these archaeological sites offer some of the earliest examples of urban planning, with well-structured city layouts, brick houses, granaries, and advanced drainage systems.

  2. Stupas: Constructed primarily as Buddhist religious monuments, stupas like the Great Stupa at Sanchi and the Stupa at Amaravati are magnificent architectural structures with intricate carvings that provide insights into Buddhist teachings and life during ancient times.

  3. Rock-Cut Architecture: The Ajanta and Ellora Caves, renowned for their rock-cut architecture, feature a blend of Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu carvings and frescoes, reflecting the religious tolerance and cultural intermingling of the period.

  4. Temples: The Brihadeshwara Temple, built during the Chola Dynasty, and the Kailasanatha Temple built by the Pallavas, showcase the evolution of temple architecture in South India. The Khajuraho Group of Monuments, built by the Chandela Dynasty, is famous for its intricate sculptures and erotic carvings.

  5. Ashoka Pillars: Erected by Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan Empire, these pillars with their inscriptions and characteristic lion capitals are significant relics of Buddhist propagation and Mauryan architecture.

These monuments, along with many others, reflect the rich architectural traditions and cultural diversity of Ancient India, and they continue to offer invaluable insights into the history and society of their times. They stand as iconic symbols of India's past and the artistic and architectural prowess of its people.


The Ajanta and Ellora Caves, located in the Indian state of Maharashtra, are renowned for their beautiful paintings and sculptures, which are a testament to the skill and imagination of ancient Indian artists. These UNESCO World Heritage Sites provide a fascinating glimpse into India's rich cultural and artistic heritage.

The Ajanta Caves, dating from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE, consist of around 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments. They're especially known for their wall paintings, which mainly depict the Jataka tales (stories about the previous lives of the Buddha). The paintings are celebrated for their exquisite detailing, rich colours, and intricate designs, as well as their ability to convey profound emotional depth. These murals are a significant source of information about the contemporary society, clothing, lifestyle, and customs.

The Ellora Caves, dating from around 600 to 1000 CE, house an impressive collection of Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain temples and monasteries, demonstrating the religious harmony of the time. While Ellora is not as famous as Ajanta for its paintings, Cave 2 and Cave 17 contain some preserved murals. These paintings illustrate various mythological and religious themes associated with the three religions.

One of the unique aspects of the Ajanta and Ellora paintings is the technique used, known as 'tempera'. Artists first prepared the rock surface with a thick coat of mud plaster mixed with rock grit, sand, grass, and other materials. After the surface was dried and hardened, artists sketched the outlines of figures and scenes, then filled them with colors. The colours, derived from natural materials like minerals and plants, have remarkably endured the test of time.

In both artistic expression and cultural significance, the Ajanta and Ellora caves and their paintings offer a rare insight into the evolution of art and religious thought in ancient India.

Contributions in the Field of Writing and science in ancient India

Ancient India has contributed significantly to the fields of writing, science, and knowledge in ways that continue to impact us today. These contributions encompass various domains, including linguistics, literature, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and more.

In the realm of writing and literature:

  1. Sanskrit Language and Literature: Ancient India saw the development of Sanskrit, considered one of the oldest languages in the world. The Rig Veda, written in Sanskrit, is one of the world's oldest surviving texts. Renowned epics like the Mahabharata and Ramayana, along with philosophical texts like Upanishads and the works of Kalidasa, are all written in Sanskrit, testifying to the rich literary heritage of the period.

  2. Pali and Prakrit Literature: Apart from Sanskrit, other languages like Pali and Prakrit were used extensively, especially in Buddhist and Jain texts. The Jataka tales, a collection of stories about the Buddha's previous lives, are an example of early Buddhist literature written in Pali.

In the field of science:

  1. Mathematics: Ancient India made significant strides in the field of mathematics. The concept of zero as a number and its use in calculations was developed in India. Aryabhata, a renowned mathematician and astronomer of ancient India, introduced the decimal system. Brahmagupta, another influential mathematician, contributed to the development of algebra.

  2. Astronomy: Ancient Indian astronomers had advanced knowledge of astronomy. Aryabhata's work, the Aryabhatiya, contains descriptions of the solar system, eclipses, and the rotation of the Earth on its axis. The concept of a heliocentric universe, where planets revolve around the sun, can also be found in ancient Indian texts.

  3. Medicine: Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, is one of the world's oldest holistic healing systems. It offers comprehensive insights into preventative health care and treatment of illnesses through lifestyle interventions and natural therapies.

These contributions demonstrate the advanced level of understanding and knowledge that ancient India had in the field of writing and science. Many of these insights continue to be relevant and are still in use today.

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