English vocabulary Notes for class 7

English vocabulary Notes for class 7
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Welcome to the ultimate guide for mastering English vocabulary from A to Z! In this article, we will dive deep into the world of words and explore their meanings, examples, and practical uses.

Whether you're a student, professional, or simply someone who loves to expand their language skills, this comprehensive guide is designed to help you build a strong vocabulary foundation and improve your communication skills. From commonly used words to advanced terminology, we've carefully curated a collection of examples and practical applications to make learning easy and enjoyable.

Our goal is to make vocabulary learning accessible and engaging, so you can confidently express yourself in any setting. Through this article, you'll discover effective strategies for memorization, tips for using words in the right context, and techniques for expanding your vocabulary organically.

We'll cover everything from synonyms and antonyms to idioms and phrasal verbs, so you can become a true wordsmith. Get ready to embark on a fascinating journey through the English language. Expand your vocabulary, enhance your writing, boost your speaking skills, and unlock a world of endless possibilities. Let's get started on this exciting linguistic adventure!

Homonyms and Homophones

I.  What are Homonyms and Homophones?

In English, words which share the same spelling and pronunciation but have different meanings are known as homonyms.

Similarly, words which share the same pronunciation but have different spellings and meanings are known as homophones.

 Both the terms are derived from the Greek root words homo, nym and phone.

Homo (same) + Nym (name) = Homonym (same name)

Homo (same) + Phone (sound) = Homophone (same sound)

Examples of Homonyms:

 examples of Homonyms are 


Examples of Homonyms in Sentences:

1. Mala did not bat an eyelid.

1. The bat flew into the room

2. The cat will lie on the rug.

2.  I dislike people who lie.

Examples of Homophones: 

  1. "See" and "Sea"

    • "See" means to perceive with the eyes.
    • "Sea" refers to the large body of saltwater that covers most of the Earth's surface.
  2. "Sun" and "Son"

    • "Sun" is the star at the center of our solar system.
    • "Son" is a male child.
  3. "Flour" and "Flower"

    • "Flour" is the powder obtained by grinding grain, typically wheat, and used to make bread, cakes, and pastry.

Examples of Homophones in Sentences:


1. Accept this flower as a token of my gratitude.

1. Except for a few mistakes, Rahul’s work is flawless.


2. The old lady breaks the twig into half.

2. The car swivelled around when its brakes failed.


Commonly Confused Homophones



Idioms, Phrases and Proverbs

What are Idioms and Phrases?

In English, idioms, phrases and proverbs are used to enhance written and spoken communication. 

  • An idiom is a phrase whose figurative meaning is different from its literal meaning.
  • A phrase can be a combination of a verb and an adverb, a verb and a preposition, and a verb with an adverb and a preposition.
  • Both idioms and phrases can have literal and figurative meanings.
  • The only way to learn idioms and phrases is by reading about them and using them as much as you can.