# Class 6th Geography chapter 3 - Motion of the earth worksheet with answer - pdf

Are you curious about the motion of the Earth and how it affects our daily lives? Explore the exciting world of geography with motion of the earth class 6 lessons. Understand the various motions of the Earth through engaging PDF questions and answers designed for class 6 students. Our comprehensive class 6 geography chapter 3 motions of the earth worksheets are tailored to make learning interactive and fun. Want to delve deeper? Our ppt on motion of the earth for class 6 offers visually appealing insights into the subject.

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Motion of the Earth

Rotation and Revolution of the Earth

Rotation and Revolution are two essential movements of the Earth that influence our daily lives, weather patterns, and seasons. Here's an overview of both:

### Rotation

Rotation is the spinning of the Earth on its axis. This imaginary line runs from the North Pole to the South Pole, and the Earth completes one rotation approximately every 24 hours. This movement is what creates day and night. As the Earth rotates, different parts of the planet are exposed to the Sun's rays, creating daytime, while the other parts are in shadow, creating nighttime. The speed of rotation varies, but at the equator, it's about 1,670 kilometers per hour (1,038 miles per hour).

### Revolution

Revolution refers to the Earth's movement around the Sun in an elliptical orbit. It takes the Earth about 365.25 days to complete one revolution, which defines the length of a year. This movement is responsible for the changing seasons. When the Earth is tilted towards the Sun (for the Northern Hemisphere), it's summer, and when it's tilted away, it's winter. The tilt also leads to variations in the length of daylight throughout the year.

Understanding the concepts of Rotation and Revolution is fundamental to grasp how the Earth's movements affect climate, time zones, and the change in seasons. These natural phenomena are essential topics in geography and are usually taught at the elementary level, including class 6, to give students a foundational understanding of how our planet functions.

Summer and Winter Solstices

The Summer and Winter Solstices are key events in the Earth's yearly cycle, and they mark significant turning points in the length of daylight we experience. Here's an explanation of both:

### Summer Solstice

The Summer Solstice is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere, usually occurring around June 20th or 21st. During the Summer Solstice, the North Pole is tilted closest to the Sun, and the Sun's rays strike the Northern Hemisphere more directly. This results in longer daylight hours and marks the beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere.

In the Southern Hemisphere, the situation is reversed, and the Summer Solstice occurs around December 21st or 22nd when the South Pole is tilted closest to the Sun.

### Winter Solstice

The Winter Solstice is the shortest day of the year and usually occurs around December 21st or 22nd in the Northern Hemisphere. During this time, the North Pole is tilted farthest from the Sun, causing the Sun's rays to strike the Northern Hemisphere at a more oblique angle. This results in shorter daylight hours and marks the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere.

In the Southern Hemisphere, the Winter Solstice takes place around June 20th or 21st, marking the shortest day in that part of the world.

### Importance

The solstices are not just astronomical phenomena; they have cultural and traditional significance in many societies. Various cultures celebrate these events with festivals and rituals. Understanding the Summer and Winter Solstices helps in comprehending the seasonal changes and the Earth's relationship with the Sun. It also plays a role in agriculture, as the amount of sunlight affects the growing seasons, and in determining cultural practices related to the seasons.

FAQs

1. What is the Motion of the Earth?

The Earth's motion consists of two main movements: rotation and revolution. Rotation is the spinning of the Earth on its axis, and revolution is the Earth's orbit around the Sun.

2. How Does the Earth's Rotation Affect Us?

The Earth's rotation causes the cycle of day and night. It also influences weather patterns and ocean currents.

3. What Causes the Seasons?

The seasons are caused by the Earth's revolution around the Sun, along with the tilt of the Earth's axis. This tilt results in different parts of the Earth receiving varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year.

4. When Do Solstices Occur?

The Summer Solstice, the longest day of the year, occurs around June 21st in the Northern Hemisphere and December 21st in the Southern Hemisphere. The Winter Solstice, the shortest day, occurs around December 21st in the Northern Hemisphere and June 21st in the Southern Hemisphere.

5. What is an Equinox?

An equinox occurs when the Sun's rays directly strike the Equator. During an equinox, day and night are approximately equal in length. Equinoxes occur around March 21st and September 23rd.

6. How Does the Earth's Motion Affect Climate?

The Earth's motion, particularly its revolution and axial tilt, leads to variations in temperature and climate throughout the year, causing the different seasons.

7. What is the Difference Between a Leap Year and a Common Year?

A common year has 365 days, while a leap year has 366 days. Leap years occur every four years to account for the additional 0.25 days it takes for the Earth to complete one revolution.

8. Why is the Earth's Axis Tilted?

The Earth's axis is tilted at about 23.5°. This tilt is thought to be caused by gravitational interactions with other celestial bodies and possibly collisions with massive objects during the Earth's early formation.

9. How Fast is the Earth Rotating?

The speed of rotation varies depending on the location, with the maximum speed at the equator being approximately 1,670 kilometers per hour (1,038 miles per hour).

10. What is the Importance of Understanding the Earth's Motion?

Knowledge of the Earth's motion is essential for navigation, understanding weather patterns, climate study, and various other scientific and practical applications.

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