Components of food class 6 worksheet
Components of food class 6. Download components of food class 6 worksheet based on latest CBSE syllabus including MCQ questions, long questions, short answer questions, and more.
What are the components of food? or what is components of food?
Foods that contain nutrients, vitamins, and minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. are the various components of food. For example, consider an apple, one single apple consists of various components like it has got vitamin A, Calcium, vitamin D, protein, sugar, as well as fat also. These are nothing but components of an apple.
A meal could consist of chapati, dal and brinjal curry. Another may be rice, sambar and a vegetable preparation of lady’s finger curd, butter milk and pickles. Some examples of meals from different regions.
We know that each dish is usually made up of one or more ingredients, which we get from plants or animals. These ingredients contain some components that are needed by our body. These components are called nutrients. The major nutrients in our food are named carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. In addition, food contains dietary fibres and water which are also needed by our body.
Carbohydrates mainly provide energy to our body. Fats also give us energy. In fact, fats give much more energy as compared to the same amount of carbohydrates. Foods containing fats and carbohydrates are also called ‘energy-giving foods. Proteins are needed for the growth and repair of our body. Foods proteins are often called ‘bodybuilding foods’
Vitamins help in protecting our body against diseases. Vitamins also help in keeping our eyes, bones, teeth and gums. Vitamins are of different kinds known by different names. Some of these are Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and K. There is also a group of vitamins called Vitamin B-complex. Our body needs all types of vitamins in small quantities. Vitamin A keeps our skin and eyes healthy. Vitamin C helps the body to fight against many diseases. Vitamin D helps our body to use calcium for bones and teeth.
Besides these nutrients, our body needs dietary fibres and water. Dietary fibres are also known as roughage. Roughage is mainly provided by plant products in our foods. Whole grains and pulses, potatoes, fresh fruits and vegetables are the main sources of roughage.
For growth and maintenance of good health, our diet should have all the nutrients that our body needs, in the right quantities. Not too much of one and not too little of the other. The diet should also contain a good amount of roughage and water. Such a diet is called a balanced diet.