Tribes Nomads and Settled Communities: Class 7 Chapter 5 Notes, MCQs, Mind Map, and Extra Q&A

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According to the CBSE Syllabus 2023-24, this chapter has been renumbered as Chapter 5.

In class 7, chapter 5, students will delve into the fascinating topic of tribes, nomads, and settled communities. This comprehensive resource provides detailed notes, multiple-choice questions (MCQs), mind maps, and extra Q&A to help students enhance their understanding of this subject. Whether you're studying for an exam or simply want to expand your knowledge, this valuable resource is sure to be beneficial.

What are tribes, nomads, and settled communities?

Tribes, nomads, and settled communities are different types of social groups that have distinct ways of living and organizing themselves. Tribes are groups of people who share a common ancestry, language, and culture. They often live in rural areas and have their own social and political systems. Nomads, on the other hand, are groups of people who move from place to place in search of food, water, and resources. They do not have a permanent settlement and rely on hunting, gathering, or herding for their livelihood. Settled communities, as the name suggests, are groups of people who have established permanent settlements. They engage in agriculture, trade, and other economic activities to sustain their communities. Understanding the characteristics and differences of these social groups is important for gaining insights into human history and culture.

India is home to a variety of tribal communities, each with its unique culture, traditions, and languages. These tribes, collectively known as Adivasis, are scattered across different parts of the country. Let's delve into some of the major tribes in India and their locations.

GondMadhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh
BhilRajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh
SanthalJharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha, Assam
MundaJharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha
OraonJharkhand, Bihar, Odisha
BaigaMadhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand
GaroMeghalaya, Assam

The Gond tribe, one of the largest tribes in India, primarily inhabit regions in Central India, including Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh. Known for their distinctive Gondi language and rich artistic heritage, the Gonds play a significant role in India's tribal culture.

The Bhil tribe, found in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh, is another major tribe known for their valiant history and vibrant cultural practices. Their folk songs and dances, such as the Bhil Adivasi dance, are deeply interwoven with their daily life and rituals.

The Santhal tribe resides in Eastern India, particularly in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha, and Assam. As an agricultural community, the Santhals have a rich culture of music and dance, which is integral to their agricultural activities and rituals.

Located in the hilly regions of Meghalaya are the Khasi tribes. They are known for their unique matrilineal society where lineage and inheritance are traced through women. Not far from them, in the state of Nagaland, reside the Naga tribes, recognized for their colorful attire, intricate jewelry, and vibrant festivals like the Hornbill Festival.

In the Eastern Indian state of Jharkhand, you'll find the Munda tribe. They have a unique societal organization called the Parha, which works as a cooperative for mutual aid and protection.

The diversity of tribes in India reflects the country's rich cultural tapestry and the complex interplay of traditions, languages, and customs across the nation. The study of these tribal communities offers a fascinating glimpse into the depth and richness of India's cultural heritage.

What are the characteristics of tribes?

Tribes are characterized by several key features. Firstly, they have a common ancestry, meaning that members of the tribe are related to each other through blood or kinship ties. This shared ancestry often forms the basis for a strong sense of identity and belonging within the tribe. Secondly, tribes typically have their own language and culture, which sets them apart from other groups. This language and culture are passed down through generations and help to maintain the tribe's unique traditions and customs. Thirdly, tribes often live in rural or remote areas, away from mainstream society. They may have their own social and political systems, with leaders or chiefs who make decisions for the tribe. Finally, tribes often have a close relationship with the land and natural resources in their territory. They rely on hunting, fishing, farming, or other traditional means of subsistence to sustain their communities. Overall, tribes are characterized by their strong sense of community, shared heritage, and connection to the land.

How do nomads live and survive?

Nomads are a group of people who do not have a permanent settlement and constantly move from one place to another in search of resources and livelihood. They rely on herding animals, such as goats, sheep, or camels, for their sustenance. These animals provide them with milk, meat, and wool, which they use for food, clothing, and shelter. Nomads have a deep understanding of their environment and are skilled in navigating and surviving in different terrains. They have a strong sense of adaptability and resilience, as they must constantly adjust to changing weather conditions and availability of resources. Nomadic communities often live in tents or temporary shelters that can be easily dismantled and transported. They have a close-knit social structure and rely on cooperation and mutual support within their community. Despite the challenges they face, nomads have developed unique strategies and knowledge systems that allow them to thrive in their nomadic lifestyle.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of settled communities?

Settled communities, unlike nomads, have a permanent settlement and do not move from place to place. There are several advantages to living in settled communities. Firstly, settled communities have access to stable resources such as fertile land for agriculture, which allows them to grow crops and have a consistent food supply. They can also build permanent structures for shelter, providing more stability and protection from the elements. Settled communities often have access to amenities such as schools, hospitals, and markets, which can improve their quality of life.

Additionally, settled communities can establish social structures and institutions that promote stability, governance, and cooperation. However, there are also disadvantages to living in settled communities. One major disadvantage is the potential for overpopulation and competition for resources. As settled communities grow, the demand for resources such as land, water, and food increases, which can lead to conflicts and inequalities. Settled communities may also be more vulnerable to natural disasters or environmental changes, as they are dependent on a specific location for their livelihood. Additionally, settled communities may face social issues such as crime, poverty, and inequality, which can be more prevalent in densely populated areas.

Overall, while settled communities offer stability and access to resources, they also come with their own set of challenges and disadvantages. It is important to consider both the advantages and disadvantages when studying and understanding different types of communities.

How do tribes, nomads, and settled communities interact with each other?

Tribes, nomads, and settled communities can interact with each other in various ways. Firstly, there may be trade and exchange of goods and resources between these different groups. Nomads, for example, may trade their livestock or other products with settled communities in exchange for agricultural produce or other necessities. This trade can help both groups meet their needs and benefit from each other's resources.

Additionally, there may be cultural exchanges and interactions between tribes, nomads, and settled communities. This can include sharing of traditions, customs, and knowledge. For example, settled communities may learn from nomads about survival skills in harsh environments, while nomads may learn agricultural techniques or other skills from settled communities. Conflict and competition can also arise between these different groups.

As settled communities expand and encroach on the territories of tribes or nomads, there may be disputes over land and resources. This can lead to conflicts and tensions between the groups. Overall, the interactions between tribes, nomads, and settled communities can be complex and varied. They can involve trade, cultural exchanges, conflicts, and cooperation. Understanding these interactions is important for studying the dynamics of different types of communities and their relationships with each other.

As we delve deeper into the rich tapestry of history, Class 7 History Chapter 7 titled 'Tribes, Nomads, and Settled Communities' provides a fascinating insight into the various societal structures of the past. This chapter explores the lives and cultures of tribal people, the nomadic communities, and the settled communities, revealing their interconnectedness and uniqueness.

The historical narrative of the tribal people unravels a myriad of details about their lifestyles, cultures, and societal dynamics. Students asking "Who were tribes?" will find elaborate answers in this chapter, aiding their understanding of these communities and their contribution to history.

In contrast, nomadic communities offer a different perspective. Their lifestyle, characterized by constant movement, has significantly shaped their cultural, economic, and social structures, making their historical study equally important. Similarly, settled communities, with their more fixed and static nature, bring yet another aspect to this societal triad.

The Class 7 History Chapter 7 solutions, along with the Class 7 History Chapter 5 solutions, provide comprehensive responses to the questions posed in these chapters. These are invaluable resources that enhance the learning experience by reinforcing the concepts learnt. The solutions include answers to the MCQs, long and short questions, and even the extra questions related to the chapter.

This chapter isn't merely about memorizing facts. It's about understanding the nuances of past societies and recognizing their impact on our current social structures. To facilitate this understanding, there are Tribes, Nomads, and Settled Communities pictures that provide visual insights into these communities.

NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7 solutions cater to the varied learning needs of students. They offer an in-depth analysis of questions, ensuring students grasp the key concepts. Similarly, the Tribes, Nomads, and Settled Communities Class 7 PDF is an accessible resource for students, allowing them to study at their convenience.

The study of history, especially chapters like 'Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities,' isn't just about the past. It's also about understanding how past societies have influenced present ones. The transformation from tribal states to bigger and stronger entities, the emergence of new castes within varnas, and the societal shifts from nomadic to settled life, all have echoes in our present societal systems. As students explore Class 7 History Chapter 7, they are not just learning about tribes, nomads, and settled communities, they're developing a richer understanding of human society and its ever-evolving nature.

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