Pronouns Meaning, Their Types and Examples: CBSE Class 6 Notes

Pronouns Meaning, Their Types and Examples: CBSE Class 6 Notes
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One of the essential topics in Class 6 English Grammar is Pronouns. Pronouns are words that replace nouns, making sentences less repetitive and more fluent. Understanding pronouns and their types is vital for students to excel in English. Our expertly crafted lessons on Pronouns Types guide students through the various Types of Pronouns, complete with Pronouns Examples to enhance understanding. We ensure that the Pronouns Meaning is explained in a student-friendly way, making it easier for Class 6 students to grasp and apply in their writing and speaking.

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Pronouns Meaning and definition

Pronouns definition: Pronouns are words used in place of nouns to avoid repetition and make sentences clearer and less cumbersome. They refer to people, animals, objects, or concepts without naming them directly. For example, instead of repeating a person's name like "Maria," you can use "she" or "her." Pronouns help make our speech and writing smoother and more efficient.

pronouns types

Pronouns come in several types, each serving a different purpose in a sentence. Here are the main types of pronouns:

  1. 1. Personal Pronouns: These refer directly to people or things. They are divided into subject pronouns like "I," "you," "he," "she," "it," "we," "they," and object pronouns like "me," "you," "him," "her," "it," "us," "them."

  2. 2. Possessive Pronouns: These show ownership or possession. Examples include "mine," "yours," "his," "hers," "its," "ours," "theirs."

  3. 3. Reflexive Pronouns: Used when the subject and the object of the sentence are the same person or thing. Examples are "myself," "yourself," "himself," "herself," "itself," "ourselves," "yourselves," "themselves."

  4. 4. Demonstrative Pronouns: These point to specific things and include "this," "that," "these," "those."

  5. 5. Interrogative Pronouns: Used for asking questions. They include "who," "whom," "whose," "which," "what."

  6. 6. Relative Pronouns: These connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun. Examples are "who," "whom," "whose," "which," "that."

  7. 7. Indefinite Pronouns: Refer to nonspecific things or people. Examples include "someone," "anything," "everyone," "few," "many," "none."

  8. 8. Reciprocal Pronouns: Used to indicate a mutual action or relationship. They include "each other" and "one another."

Demonstrative and Possessive Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

We know that ‘demonstrate’ means to show. Therefore, demonstrative pronouns are those that show us the nouns or point towards them.

The four demonstrative pronouns in English are this, that, these and those.

Like other pronouns, they too are used to replace nouns.

Demonstrative pronouns represent nouns which are already mentioned before or are to be understood from context.

Let us look at an example.

This is my favourite.

The noun which stands for the pronoun ‘This’ in the above sentence is unclear to us. It can only be clarified if

There is an antecedent in the preceding sentence.

Can you see this book? This is my favourite.

Here it becomes clear that the pronoun ‘This’ stands for ‘book

Demonstrative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘those’ refer to nouns which are far from the speaker either in time or in distance.

This’ and ‘these’ refer to nouns which are close to the speaker either in time or in distance.

‘This’ and ‘that’ stand for singular nouns.

‘These’ and ‘those’ stand for plural nouns.

Plural TheseThose

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are used to show ownership or possession of nouns to pronouns.

Pronouns like mine, yours, his, hers and its are known as singular possessive pronouns.

Pronouns like theirs and ours are known as plural possessive pronouns.

Example of Possessive Pronoun - The black sneakers are his.

In the above example, the possessive pronoun ‘his’ states to whom ‘the sneakers’ belong.

Personal Pronouns

What is a Personal Pronoun?

Previously, we have learnt that a pronoun is a word used in place of a noun which has already been used in a sentence. A personal pronoun is used primarily to refer to a specific person, thing or idea. It is used to refer to the first, second or third person in a sentence.

First, Second and Third Person Pronouns

Personal pronouns can be categorised as first, second or third person pronouns.

A first-person pronoun is used by the speaker to refer to himself or herself.

It can also be used to refer to the group the speaker is a part of.

I, me, us, our, myself, ourselves are first person pronouns

Examples of first person pronouns are -

David interjected, “I have an idea! Why don’t we all go to the movies?

Tina asked, “Can I have another one?”

A second person pronoun is used by the speaker to refer to the person he or she is directly talking to.

It can be used to address a particular person or an entire group.

You, yourself are examples of second person pronouns

Examples of second person pronouns are:

Can I serve you some tea?

You are all equally important to me.

A third person pronoun is used by the speaker to refer to the person he or she is not directly addressing.

He, she, it, they, him, her are examples of third person pronouns.

examples of third person pronouns are-

Greta invited her friends today. She is looking forward to meeting them.

the dog held the bone securely in its mouth. It was afraid of the bigger dogs.

Nominative and Objective Pronouns

According to the role they play in the sentence, pronouns can be categorised as nominative pronouns or objective pronouns.

A nominative pronoun is the subject of the verb

example of nominative pronounHe was arrested for his involvement in the abduction

An objective pronoun is the object of the verb

Example of objective pronoun -  He ate it.

Gender of Pronouns:

Pronouns can be divided into three categories according to the genders of the nouns they represent

Masculine gender pronoun: He, his, him, himself

Feminine gender pronoun: She, her, hers, herself

Neutral gender pronoun: It, itself

Examples of Gender pronouns are:

He is my best friend.

Radha invited her home.

Reflexive, Emphatic, Interrogative and Relative Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

The term reflexive can be split into two parts—‘re-’ (the prefix which means ‘back’) and ‘flex’ (the root which means ‘bend’).

A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun that ‘bends back’ to its antecedent*. In other words, it is used to refer to the object when it is the same as the subject.
Pronouns like ‘myself’, ‘yourself’, ‘herself’, ‘himself’, ‘ourselves’ and ‘themselves’ are known as reflexive pronouns

reflexive pronouns examples :
The vain prince admired himself in the mirror
A narcissist is a person who loves himself

Emphatic Pronouns

Pronouns like ‘myself’, ‘himself’, ‘herself’, ‘itself’, ‘themselves’ and ‘ourselves’ can also be emphatic pronouns. Functionally, however, emphatic pronouns are different from reflexive pronouns.
Emphatic Pronouns examples are:
Margaret herself was the forger of the documents.
The weapon itself was missing

Interrogative Pronouns
We know that the term ‘interrogate’ means to ask questions. Interrogative pronouns are those which are used for forming questions
examples - Who, which, whoever etc.
Interrogative Pronouns examples -
Who ran the fastest?
Whose cat is this?

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