Essential Notes on Conservation of Plants and Animals for Class 8

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Conservation of Plants and Animals is a crucial subject for Class 8 students. This guide provides comprehensive notes, mind maps, MCQs, and other material to help boost your exam preparation in this important topic.

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In this chapter, learn about various conservation techniques to be applied for wild animals and plants. Learn about in situ and ex situ conservation, Protected areas-National Parks, Sanctuaries, biosphere reserves.
Explore the interaction between humans and wildlife, agriculture and wildlife conflicts, mitigation measures to reduce the conflict etc. With this guide’s help understand why is it important to conserve nature so that the heritage which is biologically diverse can be preserved for future generations as well.
Conservation of plant and animal species has been a concern for many decades, and the protection from being destroyed by humans is essential to conserve biodiversity. In situ conservation is used to provide protection in the wild and ex situ conservationsensures that if an animal or plant becomes extinct, there are still resources available to buy back or bring it back into existence.
National Park, Sanctuaries and Biosphere reserves are held up as examples of protected areas where their wildlife can thrive. Wildlife-human interaction also plays a major role in preserving species, as human activities adversely affects wildlife.
Agriculture & wildlife conflict also arises when natural habitats start shrinking due to agricultural practices, while mitigation measures help reduce the conflict. Therefore Conservation of nature is important not just because of its ecological importance but also to preserve regional cultures and increase economic growth.
Conservation of plant and animal species especially has become an increasingly important topic as human activities have caused or been seen to be responsible for a rapid decline in natural biodiversity around the world. Conservation is far more than just protecting a species from being destroyed; it also plays a major part in climate change and global warming.
In order to preserve biodiversity, conservation teams need to take into consideration habitat destruction and degradation, loss of population due to excessive hunting or fishing and threats due to climate change effects. Various measures such as the protection of endangered species (in situ), creating gene banks (ex situ)and creating national parks , sanctuaries & biosphere reserves can help protect species from destruction.
Human-wildlife interaction should also be regulated so that wildlife populations can be preserved without over exploiting them economically. Measures such as mitigation strategies , habitat management, buffer zones etc must be taken up adequately in order reduce impact on various ecosystems that help sustain wildlife diversity across various areas.
Conservation of plants and animals is a subject taught in grade 8 in India. Students should be aware of the various important aspects related to conservation such as importance of biodiversity, its effects on ecology and economy, why is it essential to conserve species, ways to conserve species etc.
This chapter covers topics from wildlife management to protected areas in India with multiple examples provides visual aid as well.
A detailed look at mind maps with relevant case studies are also discussed for better understanding of the subject. MCQs based on the class 8 conservation of plants and animal chapter can be taken online or downloaded for practice, revision and assessment purposes from studymaterial websites. An overall discussion along with graphical representations, diagrams help learners grasp concepts more effectively and benefit their learning journey.

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