NCERT Class 12 Chapter 1 Chemistry " Solutions" : 100 Questions with answer Including MCQ

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Are you looking for a comprehensive study resource for NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 1 "Solutions"? Look no further! In this article, we have compiled 100 questions with detailed answers, including multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Whether you want to brush up on your knowledge or prepare for your upcoming exams, this resource is perfect for you. Our aim is to provide you with a clear understanding of the concepts covered in this chapter. Each question is designed to test your comprehension and problem-solving skills. By practicing with these questions, you can assess your understanding of the topic and identify any areas that need further attention. We understand the importance of a strong foundation in Chemistry, and that's why we have put together this comprehensive set of questions. So, get ready to dive into the world of solutions and enhance your understanding of this fundamental concept. With our well-structured and informative answers, you can confidently tackle any question related to NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 1 "Solutions". Let's start exploring the fascinating world of chemistry together!

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Formation of Different Types of Solutions

Solutions come in various types based on the states of the solute and solvent involved. Common types include solid in liquid, liquid in liquid, and gas in liquid solutions. Solid in liquid solutions are quite familiar; a simple example would be sugar dissolved in water. Liquid in liquid solutions are like alcohol in water, and gas in liquid would be like carbon dioxide in soda. Understanding the formation of these different types helps us grasp how matter interacts and combines at the molecular level.

State and Explain Henry's Law

Henry's Law deals with the solubility of a gas in a liquid and states that at a constant temperature, the amount of gas dissolved in a liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of the gas above the liquid. Simply put, if you increase the pressure of the gas above the liquid, more gas will dissolve in the liquid. This law is particularly important in fields like deep-sea diving and carbonated beverage production.

Raoult's Law

Raoult's Law is focused on liquid-liquid solutions and says that the vapor pressure of a component in a mixture is proportional to its mole fraction. This law helps in understanding how mixtures will behave under different conditions and is fundamental in processes like distillation.

Distinguish Between Ideal and Non-ideal Solutions

Ideal solutions follow Raoult’s Law perfectly, meaning their components interact with each other the same way they interact with themselves. Non-ideal solutions deviate from Raoult's Law due to differences in molecular interactions. For example, ideal solutions are formed when ethanol is mixed with water, while non-ideal solutions occur when acetone is mixed with chloroform.

Explain Deviations of Real Solutions from Raoult's Law

Real-world solutions often don't behave exactly as Raoult's Law predicts. These deviations occur because of differences in molecular size, shape, and interaction. When the interaction between molecules of different components is weaker or stronger than that of the molecules among themselves, deviations occur. These deviations can be positive or negative.

Describe Colligative Properties of Solutions

Colligative properties are those that depend on the number of solute particles in a solution, not their nature. These include boiling point elevation, freezing point depression, and osmotic pressure. Understanding these properties helps us correlate with the molar masses of the solutes and is essential in various industries, including medicine and food processing.

Explain Abnormal Colligative Properties

Some solutions exhibit abnormal colligative properties due to the dissociation or association of solute molecules in the solution. For example, an electrolyte like sodium chloride (NaCl) will dissociate into Na+ and Cl- ions, effectively increasing the number of particles in the solution, and thus affecting the colligative properties more than expected for a single compound. Understanding these abnormalities helps in fields like pharmaceuticals, where the behavior of a solution can significantly impact its effectiveness

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