NCERT Solutions for class 11 chapter 6 Political Science: Citizenship

NCERT Solutions for class 11 chapter 6 Political Science: Citizenship
Share this

Diving into the realm of social justice, particularly in Class 11, is akin to opening a treasure trove of knowledge and insights. Are you on the hunt for well-articulated social justice class 11 questions and answers? Or perhaps you're eager to grasp the essence of what is social justice in Class 11? Turn to WitKnowLearn for a thorough understanding. In Class 11, students explore the profound depths of justice, investigating its multi-dimensional facets. Curious about what is justice in Class 11? It's more than just a term; it's an exploration of fairness, equality, and the ideals that underpin our society.

The discussions on social justice in Class 11 don't stop there. They lead students to the doors of prominent thinkers like John Rawls, offering insights into his seminal theory of justice. As students delve into class 11 political science chapter 4 question answers, they encounter Rawls' transformative ideas that have shaped discussions on justice for generations.

At WitKnowLearn, we make this journey seamless and enlightening. We provide a platform where complex topics like the John Rawls theory of justice in Class 11 are broken down, making them accessible and intriguing. Engage with us, and let's explore, question, and understand the vast universe of social justice together, setting the foundation for informed discussions and critical thinking.

Q1. What are some of the problems faced by refugees? In what ways could the concept of global citizenship benefit them?

Ans: The following are some of the problems faced by refugees:

Refugees are not treated well by the local residents of the place.

They are considered as a burden on the local economy.

The local residents feel that refugees are snatching their job opportunities in that area.

The refugees are held responsible for spreading diseases, crime and polluting the area as they mostly live in slums

and tents.

They are constrained to do useful and necessary work but at low wages.

Refugees face the problem of shelter, food and lack of employment.

Refugees are exempted from the rights that are given by the state to its people like enjoying the right of minimum

standard of living and security.

Thus, they are often exploited by the police and other local residents on grounds of the rights that they lack as a

member of that state.

Global citizenship would be beneficial to refugees as it will be easier to deal with problems that extend across national

boundaries and require cooperation of other states.

It would also help refugees and stateless people by providing them basic rights and solutions to their problems so that

they can lead a normal life.

Q2. Citizenship as full and equal membership of a political community involves both rights and obligations. Which rights could

citizens expect to enjoy in a most democratic state today? What kind of obligation will they have to their state and fellow


Ans: Citizenship has been defined as a full and equal membership of a political community, i.e. a political identity to an

individual by its state. In a contemporary world, states provide a collective political identity to their members as well as

certain rights.

Following rights can be enjoyed by a citizen in a democratic state:

1. A support and protection from state to travel anywhere in the state.

2. Some political rights to vote, to contest elections, to hold public offices, etc.

3. Civil rights like freedom and speech and expression.

4. Socio-economic rights, i.e. equal opportunities, right to education, right to minimum wage, etc. Besides the exercise

of certain rights, the citizens are supposed to fulfill some obligations also towards state and.

Its fellow citizens which are as follows:

1. Citizenship involves some obligations towards state and its fellow citizens.

2. These obligations are the outcomes of considerations to be inheritors and trustees of culture and natural resources

of the country.

3. These obligations do not include only the legal obligations provided by the state but these expect some moral

obligations to participate, contribute and to share the life of community, etc.

Q3. “Democratic citizenship is a project rather than an accomplished fact even in countries like India which grant equal

citizenship”. Discuss some of the issues regarding citizenship being raised in India today.

Ans: “Democratic citizenship is a project rather than an accomplished fact even in countries like India” as in democratic

countries people are still far behind in fully enjoying the rights associated with democratic citizenship.

In the context of India, equality of rights is ensured for all citizens by the Constitution, but does not always

translate on the ground.

Socio-economic inequality is a major factor preventing the access of all citizens to basic rights.

Citizens have the right to move and work freely anywhere within the territory, they have the right to enjoy basic

facilities that are needed to survive and lead a healthy life but migrants are exempted from these rights as Indian

citizens at some places.

Besides migrants other citizens are not able to enjoy the rights fully. Girl children are not able to enjoy the basic

right of education. Many poor children are forcefully engaged in child labour though these children have got

certain fundamental rights in democratic India but they are not able to enjoy it.

The issue of dual citizenship for people who reside outside the country is also a matter of debate and shows the

dynamic nature of the concept of citizenship.

Therefore, it can be said that democratic citizenship is a project that has still to meet its goal rather than having

accomplished it. 

Q4. Write a short note on any two struggles for full enjoyment of citizen rights which have taken place in India in recent years.

Which rights were being claimed in each case?

Ans: The movement in India regarding the rights of lesbians and gays to express and lead a normal life demanded the

decriminalisation of homosexuality by the state that was considered to be a crime. Delhi high court has decriminalised

homosexuality but still the movement is on as it has not yet gained the legal approval.

Narmada Bachao Andolan is an environmental as well as human rights movement. The movement is against increasing

the height of the dam. The increase in the height of the dam will flood the area and residents will get displaced. The

movement is to force the government to decrease the height of the dam and pay proper compensation to the people

and assure rehabilitation for them.

Both the above mentioned movements are still going on for the human rights of people. The first movement was for

freedom of expression, right to security and normal life as Indian citizens. The second movement focused on the right

to shelter, food, employment and security of the people as citizens of India.

Q5. Migration of people to different regions within the country is often resisted by the local inhabitants. What are some of the

contributions that the migrants could make to the local economy?

Ans: In a democratic state like India, we have right to freedom of movement. The citizens have the right to reside and settle

in any part of India.

Migration takes place from time to time in cities, regions or nation.

If jobs and medical facilities and facilities provided by state are limited along with natural resources it may restrict

entry of outsiders even in the case of fellow citizens.

Many similar struggles also have taken place in different parts of the world, i.e. Mumbai for Mumbaikars, etc.

These migrants are supportive to the local economy in the following manners:

Slum dwellers contribute to the economy through their labours as hawkers, petty traders, plumbers, workers,

mechanics, petty traders, etc.

Migrants perform and do necessary and useful works often at low wages.

Small business, i.e. tailoring, textile printing, etc. can also be developed in slum areas.

Q6. All citizens may be granted equal rights but all may not be able to equally exercise them. Explain.

Ans: All citizens may be granted equal rights but all may not be able to equally exercise them due to following factors:

Socio-economic inequality that prevents equality of opportunity.

Lack of accessibility to legal remedies.

Lack of awareness of rights.

Corruption in the government apparatus that prevents the delivery of services covered under these rights.

The consequences of these factors can be seen in the following examples:

Every child has right to education but some children are not sent to school due to gender bias and poverty and

therefore are engaged in child labour.

Many women are not aware that physical and mental torture by their husband comes under domestic violence.

Therefore, they are not able to seek legal remedies.

  • Tags :
  • Citizenship

You may like these also

© 2024 Witknowlearn - All Rights Reserved.